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Last updated on February 11th, 2021 at 09:10 am

In today’s time, the world of technology is getting more and more advanced and is jumping from various technologies towards nano-technologies. Even though mobile apps now dominate the market, they still need a web component to work. When it comes to execution and quality, a plethora of web-based technologies is there for developers to choose from. But how does one decide which one is the most appropriate tech stack for them? This is what we are going to learn.
 
Likewise, when it comes to developing the right web app, the most imperative thing to look for and pick is the right technology stack. Developing an effective programming item or an application is not just about an interactive User Interface and Decent UX. It is way beyond that, encompassing the development of stable and secure digital items that will not only get appreciation from the users but will also help a business in getting more and more benefits. Along with that, it needs to convey steady management that can function just as it is proposed and also bring an addition to the valuation of clients. This is where the technology stack shows up.
 
In the present time, it is completely in your hand for making the app by opting for the right mix of the top-tier technology stack and other technologies. It is important for you to know that the technology stack has a direct effect on the presentation of a web app. This way, if you pick up the right technology stack, you can then employ full-stack web developers or get your task done with the help of a reputed organization for web development.
 
In this article, we will be talking about the importance of opting for the correct technology stack for web development. Here we will be encompassing the structure of various technologies and the fundamental factors. But before we get started, let us know more about the technology stack.
 

What Exactly Is A Technology Stack?

 
A technology stack basically mixes certain components like programming languages, technologies that are used for software development, tools, and structures. Web development requires a front-end, a back-end, and a database, and each of these layers creates a technology stack.
 

Components Of A Technology Stack

 
Front-End
 
The components and segments of the front-end enable the interaction of the users with an app. When it comes to web apps, these interactions take place in the browser. The following components make it possible:
 
Front End - Components Of A Technology Stack
 

  • 1. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) defines the structure of information that is presented in a browser.
  • 2. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) determines the style in which the content of the app will be presented. This includes layouts, fonts, and colors.
  • 3. JavaScripts enables the interactivity of the web pages where the app is functioning.

 
Most of the web apps are developed with Bootstrap as a framework for both HTML as well as CSS. With numerous stars on GitHub and an incredible user base, it has proved to be one of the most comprehensive libraries. Though Bootstrap is the most famous framework of all, it isn’t the only one in this market. There are other alternatives to consider, like the Foundation that stands second after the Bootstrap when it comes to usage and has shown up an incredible performance.
 
It is safe to say that the field of JavaScript component is the sector with the brutal competition when it comes to the front-end frameworks. React, and Angular is definitely leading in the domain, and both are popular for their flexibility and top-notch performance. Both of them also have a wide army of contributors and supporters. What makes it even better is the fact that both perform equally well irrespective of the tools that are put into use in the back-end.
 
Though both these frameworks rule the arena of front-end development, the developers are now considering Vue.js as an alternative more often. What makes it so preferable is its versatility and lightweight structure.
 
Back-End
 
This section of the development stack has much more components and a lot more options than you can be choosing from. As the name itself suggests, Back-end operations are the ones that are behind the scenes and are not visible to the users. If constructs the engine driving the app and implements the business logic. The following are the main segments of the back-end tech stacks.
 

  • 1. The operating system where the process of development gets done.
  • 2. Web Server that processes requests from a browser and returns the corresponding content.
  • 3. Database that stores the data of an app.
  • 4. Programming Language that is used for the creation of an app code.
  • 5. Web Development Framework for easier and faster development. It is important to keep in mind that the web framework depends directly upon the programming language you choose.

 
It is noteworthy that when you choose the correct back-end technology, you don’t always have to select every component separately. There are various back-end stacks already where the components have formed the most optimal ecosystem for development. Below we have listed the most famous examples of a technology stack that is used by web developers.
 
Back End - Components Of A Technology Stack
 

  • 1. LAMP stands for Linux, which is an operating system, Apache, which is a web server, MySQL, which is a database, PHP, which is a programming language. It is considered to be the most famous back-end stack that is well-known for its super customization options, security as well as scalability. Though the majority of the developers prefer their operating system to be Linux still the very same stack can be used with macOS or Windows without any adverse effects on the quality of development.

 

  • 2. Python-Django is based on the programming language of Python. It also puts into use MySQL database, the Apache web server, and the Django framework that is written in Python. What makes the developers love this stack is the possibility it offers quick development while maintaining top-tier quality. Numerous projects choose Python-Djan when they create MVPs or other products that are time-critical in nature.

 

  • 3. MEAN is the acronym for MongoDB, which is a database; Express.js, which is an application framework; AngularJS, which is the front-end framework; and Node.JS, which is the runtime environment. In this case, there is a difference in the stack structure. This is because it incorporates both front-end as well as back-end development tools. It is safe to say that it is a full-stack. MEAN is basically the implementation of the concept of “JavaScript Everywhere” using the very same programming language on both the server-side as well as the client-side. The back-end works on the basis of Node.JS, which is the first platform for using JavaScript for backend development. This stack is popular for the flexibility, top-tier performance, and smooth learning curve because it puts into use the same languages across each and every component.

 

  • 4. MERN is the acronym for MongoDB, Express, React/Redux, and Node.JS. When you consider the fame that ReactJS possesses in front-end development, and NodeJS possess in back-end development, this very combination is considered as a JavaScript stack that is most-used for the purpose of building top-tier single-page apps. Other than this, MERN also provides a really short curve of learning, enhanced agility as well as top-notch productivity. When you compare MERN and Mean, the choice comes down between Angular or React, and this is where it becomes crucial to take into consideration the goals and requirements of the project as well as how familiar JavaScrip developer(s) are with the technologies of the front-end.

 

Factors That Decide The Right Technology Stack For Your Web Development Project

 
Everything has a different set of requirements in order to make it work better. For every app out there, various different technologies are available. But to choose the best one to make the app work seamlessly is a difficult task. Choosing the technology which works best for you is a task that depends on certain factors. These are:
 
Factors That Decide The Right Technology Stack
 

1. Project Needs

 
The size and quantity of the project and the list of requirements is the first and the most foremost thing you need to consider while thinking of a technology stack for your mobile application. For a better idea, consider an application that is small; you can pick NodeJS or Python as they are fast and easy to use. For a more significant application, you need to use a technology stack that is easy to manage and simple to handle too.
 
Choosing an incorrect technology stack can cause problems in the later phases of development. You need to examine and analyze every perspective of your application and its size. You need to consider the necessities. You need to think about why the technology stack you are using suits your application.
 

  • – Small Projects such as MVPs require NodeJS or Django as their development stack.
  • – Mid-size projects such as store apps, and/or enterprise editions require a more complex technology development stack such as MERN, MEAN, or maybe LAMP because they work better.
  • – Large projects such as social networking apps, trading apps, global stores like Amazon, etc. These applications with a huge size require scalability, stability, and operational speed on a more professional level. Their development requires a more complex set of equipment, multiple languages, staged development, and much more.
     
    Large projects generally prefer
    Angular-Node.JS, Django, or maybe Ruby on Rails as the most desired technologies.

 

2. Versatility

 
Versatility refers to the capacity to deal with the enormous number of requests by the users of the application. Versatility defines how well the application deals with this pressure.
 
The web application you are developing should be sufficiently capable of taking this load and should have a good amount of versatility.
 
The technology stack being used should be able to deal with both vertical as well as horizontal development. And the developers should think of a stack that supports good versatility.
 
If you hire an organization to make your web application, they choose the best for you and select a technology stack accordingly.
 

3. Development Time

 
The amount of time in hand to develop the application is also an essential factor to consider while choosing a technology stack. Moreover, there is this Time to Market or TTM factor. You need to think of that what you need to deliver the product to the market. What will be a reasonable time to launch the app in the market. How much time does the budget allow?
 
You need to think of all that while choosing a technology stack. The technology stack you want should be efficient enough to be able to develop the web application.
 

4. Application Security

 
Application security is quite possibly one of the main elements. Unmistakably, users are more stressed over securing their data, assurance, and subsequently, you need to focus on building an exceptionally secured web application. An application requires security from any data theft and break. The programming language used in developing the application should offer better security.
 
If your application does, in fact, face any theft, it should revert it as soon as possible.
 

5. Development Cost

 
Ultimately, the cost of development is furthermore an important point to consider the correct technology stack for your web application improvement in 2021. In the event that you are attempting to develop a task for your application, you need to consider your group, their capacities, and your aptitude matter. Prior to starting the improvement stage, you should know your financial arrangement. Various software and technologies are open-source, so you are not expected to pay to use them.
 
Surely, the previously mentioned are the critical parts to consider while choosing the correct development stack for web application development. The more you do research, the better results you will get in the business. In the event that you pick some unsuitable technology stack, at that point, it might lead you to financial misfortunes.
 

Critical Factors in Choosing Technology Stacks That One Must Not Ignore

 
The tips given below will help you in preparing for web application development so that you do not have any regrets about the excessive expenditure that could have been avoided.
 
preparing for web application development
 

1. Ensure That The Specifications Are Understandable And Clear

 
If you are outsourcing the project from an offshore team of web development, you should ensure that your project specifications are clear. In this way, you can be helping the developers in preparing an exact estimate that will, in turn, help you in planning the expenses. Any sort of vagueness will lead to raised prices. A comprehensive specification will help you in avoiding the risk.
 

2. First Create The MVP And Test It

 
It is important to know that in particular cases, the landing page will prove out to be an inexpensive and excellent MVP. Ensure that the product is in demand and then consider each and every error that can occur when testing. Only after that, you should be developing the full and final solution.
 

3. Whenever Possible Use The Ready-Made Solutions

 
You should be bearing in mind that there isn’t any need for you to build each and every feature right from scratch as there are almost identical solutions that may already be existing in the format of third-party integrations or community-built libraries.
 

4. Choose Cloud Hosting Solutions For Saving

 
We deploy Amazon Web Services as the primary service when it comes to the hosting of the web projects that we have created. Amazon Web Services have a flexible scheme of pricing, and that means you just pay for the services you are using. The traffic is pretty unpredictable, and thus, it makes great sense for the server infrastructure. This is true for the startups as it is super hard to say when they will start attracting users. That is why this very pricing model works the best for startups.
 

5. Anticipate In Advance

 
When you select the technology for the web app, you need to think well in advance about how you will be supporting the app in the near future. If the app has a great architecture and the code that is very much optimized from the start, then support will become really easy. The problems that are not solved show up later and then lead to much more problems. Maintenance and support must be taken into consideration when you choose the tech stack, as this simplifies the updates even when you decide to bring about a change in the service providers of software development.
 

Conclusion

 
Every different web app uses and encompasses different development tools. Hence, you can never say that a particular technology stack will be effective for various types of web applications. Hence, you need to consider all the details about your web application before choosing a technology stack to develop your web application. A particular web application development technology stack may be good for one type of application but might not work out for the other ones.
 
Solution architects always write down and understand all the product requirements. Then they turn those details into a proper architecture and hence lay down the foundation for a proper top-notch web application. You just have to share your web app idea with such architects, and they will fulfill your expectations by using the best-suited web application development technology stack.
 
If you are making a web application on your own, then you have to carefully choose a good technology stack that supports all your expectations and demands easily.
 
If you are looking to know more about Technology Stack For The Web App, then your search ends right here. Zestminds is a leading and seasoned web and mobile app development company with years of experience. You can get in touch with us for your queries at contact@zestminds.com, and we will get back to you.
 
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Posted byShivam